Digital Single Market integration index: Eastern Partnership
Rapid development of technologies has transformed the way we think of political and economic growth. Technologies are facilitating cooperation between businesses, governments, ngos and other entities. However, the existing barriers and lack of clear rules and legislation on digital exchange and e-commerce are preventing the growth of growth of digital sector in the EU.
EU Digital Single Market is being established to ensure the sound environment for the exchange of digital services, networks, goods and innovations. Eastern Partnership countries have declared their commitment to join the EU Digital Single Market in order to facilitate cooperation and integration with the EU as well ease trade and exchange of innovations and digital services. EU on its turn has also shown its openesses and readiness to integrate Eastern Partnership countries in the EU Digital Single Market while its being developed in the EU itself.
Even though every country of the Eastern Partnership has expressed its will to become a part of EU Digital Single Market the pace of approximation of legislation, negotiations and exchange is being developed at different speed for every Eastern Partnership country.
This research aims to investigate what are the factors which limit or contribute to integration of Eastern Partnership countries to the EU Digital Single Market and compare to which extent each country of Eastern Partnership is integrated to the EU Digital Single Market.
In-depth interviews and discourse analysis will be used to investigate the process of Eastern Partnership countries integration to the EU Digital Single Market. Analysis and interviews will be held in accordance with the indicators of EU digital Single Market which are the following:
Objectives of EU Digital Single Market and corresponding indicators for the index:
Boosting e-commerce in the EU by tackling geoblocking, making cross-border parcel delivery more affordable and efficient
Indicators: incorporation of EU legislation on E-Commerce; existance of geoblocking; price of parcel delivery to the country
2. Modernising the EU copyright rules to fit the digital age
Indicators: EU copyright rules and legislation incorporation
3. Updating EU audiovisual rules and working with platforms to create a fairer environment for everyone, promote European films, protect children and tackle hate speech.
Indicators: Existance of EU audiovisual rules. Legislation on hate speech.
4. Scaling up Europe's response to cyber-attacks by strengthening ENISA, the EU cybersecurity agency, and creating an effective EU cyber deterrence and criminal law response to better protect Europe's citizens, businesses and public institutions
Indicator: to which extent the country is cyber resilient? Look at the number of cyber attacks and how many of them have been tackled.
5. Unlock the potential of a European data economy with a framework for the free flow of non-personal data in the EU
Indicator: Incorporation of EU personal data legislation
7. Ensuring everyone in the EU has the best possible internet connection, so they can fully engage in the digital economy, the so-called "connectivity for a European gigabit society"
Indicator: level of penetration of internet, 3G and 4G in the country
8. Adapting ePrivacy rules to the new digital environment
Indicator: ePrivacy rules in the country
9. Helping large and small companies, researchers, citizens and public authorities to make the most of new technologies by ensuring that everyone has the necessary digital skills, and by funding EU research in health and high performance computing
Indicator: number of educational programs and trainings on digital skills.
Collected data will used to develop an index which will demonstrate the level of integration of every country to the market. The index will have 90 scores, where 100 is the most integrated country and 10 is the least. Each country will receive 9 scores in the range of 1 to 10 according to the level of correspondence to every criteria.